Database Model

Different type of Database Models:

Database are classified into different types according to the organization approach

  • Flat file data model
  • Network Data Model
  • Hierarchical data Model
  • Relation data model
  1. Flat File Data Model:
  • Data are stored in numerous files.
  • Files are not linked so data might be repeated in more than one file.


  • Big Problem in the redundancy
  1. Hierarchical Data Model:
  • Data is linked in the form of tree
  • This is 1: n relation where in single parent can have multiple children’s.


  • Redundancy is eliminated.


  • Searching a data is extremely difficult. Searching a particular data needs more time.
  3.  Network Data Model:
  • Allows more links between the child data .
  • There m: n relationship where in a single child can have multiple parents. Advantage
  • Reduces Redundancy
  • Searching is easier.


  • Difficult to handle the Network.
  1. Relation Database Model:
  • A relation Database is a collection of relation or ow dimensional tables
  • It stores data in form of rows and columns.
  • E F Codd proposed the relation model for database system in 1970.
  • It is the basis for the relation database management system(RDBMS)

One Reply to “Database Model”

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *